This can be especially true when you have a "pre-production" or "beginning level" student and you are responsible for grade level content instruction. Visit the hotlinks section for this article for more information on specific research regarding language acquisition and recommended instructional strategies. ELL teachers encounter students with a variety of backgrounds and abilities, and until the babel fish comes into existence, they will need to have flexibility, creativity and skill in order to help ELL students make meaning from the new language and content they are learning.
An understanding of the language acquisition process and levels will help teachers tailor instruction to meet the needs of a diverse group of learners. Students will benefit from everything teachers do to support the development of their language skills while teaching them grade level content. Together teachers and students develop their understanding of each other, the world around them, and the language that connects us all.
The Stages of Second Language Acquisition. Hill and Cynthia L. It includes a a simplified chart of language acquisition levels and the kinds of language teachers can use to help students at each level. Simple description of the stages of language acquisition and recommendations for instructional strategies according to level. Overview of Second Language Acquisition and Strategies. This article describes some strategies used by two kindergarten teachers to communicate verbally and nonverbally.
With generous support provided by the National Education Association. These stages and strategies apply to children and youth as well as adult learners of a second language. This is a very concise and useful article. This is a preliminary and laconic information regarding SLA. Please specify the areas of further investigation in SLA.
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It is very useful in my studies about the acquistion of a second language. Thanks a lot!!! This page has been up for awhile but how is language acquisition coupled with error correction? And explicit vocabulary instruction, neither of which has been proven to be very effective and NOT part of acquiring a language.
Some didn't read their research correctly. Can somebody tell me the complete reference of this article? I need the reference for an article that Im writting in the college, but I need to citate very well. Peter, did you ever figure out how to cite this article, I am planning on using it as well for a powerpoint and would like to reference correctly Thank you for the validation on past practices and the continuation of guided , differenciated teaching practices for ELL students at any level of instruction. Being mindful of acquisition of language, for any student, and strategic scaffolding, is key to any language experience in the classroom.
Language Acquisition: An Overview. By Kristina Robertson , Karen Ford. Stages of Language Acquisition Researchers define language acquisition into two categories: first-language acquisition and second-language acquisition. The Six Stages of Second-Language Acquisition Pre-production This is also called "the silent period," when the student takes in the new language but does not speak it. This period often lasts six weeks or longer, depending on the individual.
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- Pre-linguistic Stage: 0 to 12 Months;
Early production The individual begins to speak using short words and sentences, but the emphasis is still on listening and absorbing the new language. There will be many errors in the early production stage.
Speech Emergent Speech becomes more frequent, words and sentences are longer, but the individual still relies heavily on context clues and familiar topics. Vocabulary continues to increase and errors begin to decrease, especially in common or repeated interactions. Beginning Fluency Speech is fairly fluent in social situations with minimal errors. New contexts and academic language are challenging and the individual will struggle to express themselves due to gaps in vocabulary and appropriate phrases.
Intermediate Fluency Communicating in the second language is fluent, especially in social language situations. The individual is able to speak almost fluently in new situations or in academic areas, but there will be gaps in vocabulary knowledge and some unknown expressions. There are very few errors, and the individual is able to demonstrate higher order thinking skills in the second language such as offering an opinion or analyzing a problem. Advanced Fluency The individual communicates fluently in all contexts and can maneuver successfully in new contexts and when exposed to new academic information.
At this stage, the individual may still have an accent and use idiomatic expressions incorrectly at times, but the individual is essentially fluent and comfortable communicating in the second language. Instructional Strategies If you have ELL students in your classroom, it is more than likely there will be students at a variety of stages in the language acquisition process.
Language Stage. Recommendations Scaffold instruction so students receive comprehensible input and are able to successfully complete tasks at their level.
Everything ESL: Stages of Language Acquisition Simple description of the stages of language acquisition and recommendations for instructional strategies according to level. Understanding the "Silent Period" with English Language Learners This article describes some strategies used by two kindergarten teachers to communicate verbally and nonverbally.
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For commercial use, please contact info colorincolorado. Most Popular. Using Cognates to Develop Comprehension in English. Tweets by ColorinColorado. Thank you for having this web page!!!! Great reference material. I will implement this knowledge in my lesson plans. Helped by this page, but cater for 1st language acquisition also. I love what I have seen.
Language Acquisition: An Overview
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Cancel Forgot your password? Showing all editions for 'Detail process charting : speaking the language of process'. Year 12 Language English. Displaying Editions 1 - 10 out of Detail process charting : speaking the language of process by Ben B Graham;.
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Detail process charting : speaking the language of process by Ben B Graham. Print book. Detail process charting speaking the language of process by Ben B Graham. Excellent answers to the 'who,' 'what,' 'when,' 'how,' and 'why' of work simplification are provided in an understandable and very useful level of detail. Graham has obviously 'been there, done that.
Even those participants who have never seen a process chart can almost instantly see how the process works, their role in it, and how it can be improved. This level of involvement means continuous buy-in, which significantly improves the chances of success.